50+ Careers In STEM – Complete List of STEM Careers For Graduates

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A career in STEM may be for you if you enjoy science, technology, engineering, or mathematics. Specializing in at least one of the four fields of study and earning a high salary are both hallmarks of STEM careers. There are numerous STEM careers to choose from. This article looks at fifty different STEM careers, their average salaries, and the most common responsibilities.

A postsecondary degree is required for almost all STEM careers. However, only an associate’s degree is required for many high-paying technician positions, such as those in operations and aerospace engineering. Researching potential STEM programs can help readers get started on their career path.

There are numerous STEM careers with high pay and high demand. For instance, the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) anticipates that employment for industrial engineers will increase by 14% between the years 2020 and 2030. The BLS anticipates 33% job growth for information security analysts during the same time period.


STEM (science, technology, engineering, and mathematics) programs open the door to a wide range of occupations, including those in research, science, and engineering. Aeronautics and biochemistry are two examples of diverse fields that STEM professionals can investigate. Some STEM students use their technical skills in education, politics, and law.

If you want to study science, technology, engineering, or mathematics, here are 50 STEM careers to think about:

1. Chemical engineer

National average salary: $65,984 per year

A chemical engineer uses research to create new goods like foods or pharmaceuticals. They also work with engineering teams to create brand-new processing equipment for gases and liquids.

Math, chemistry, and other natural sciences are used by chemical engineers to come up with cost-effective methods for utilizing energy and materials for human benefit. In a nutshell, we accomplish useful things in chemistry. Problems involving the use of fuel, drugs, food, and a wide variety of other products are solved by chemical engineers using the principles of chemistry, biology, physics, and mathematics.

Due to the numerous industries that rely on the synthesis and processing of chemicals and materials, chemical engineers are in high demand. Chemical engineers can work in a variety of fields, including biotechnology, pharmaceuticals, electronic device fabrication, environmental engineering, and traditional chemical, energy, and oil industries. When processes involve the chemical or physical transformation of matter, the chemical engineer’s unique training becomes essential in these areas.

The majority of chemical engineers work in laboratories or offices. They might spend time at refineries, industrial plants, and other places where they oversee or direct operations or solve problems on the job. Most chemical engineers have full-time jobs. A bachelor’s degree in chemical engineering or a related field is typically required for chemical engineers. Candidates with work experience are preferred by some employers. As a result, cooperative engineering programs and internships may be beneficial.

2. Marine biologist

National average salary: $68,6314 per year

A marine biologist studies aquatic species of animals and plants. Additionally, they pay attention to temperature irregularities and shifts in water movement, such as swell patterns.

Marine biologists investigate marine life and occasionally the oceans themselves. They might investigate the diseases and environmental conditions that affect marine species, as well as their behavior and physiological processes. They might also look at how human activities affect marine life. Wildlife biologist, zoologist, fish and wildlife biologist, fisheries biologist, aquatic biologist, conservation biologist, and biological technician are some of the job titles that many marine biologists hold.

Marine biologists investigate marine life in its natural environment. They might look into the physiology or behavior of a population. Alternately, they might evaluate the state of the animals’ habitats and the effects of human activity on them.

They typically map the distribution, ranges, or movements of marine populations, test and monitor sea creatures exposed to pollutants, collect and test ocean samples, preserve specimens and samples of unknown species and diseases, and conduct species inventories.

3. Transportation planner

National average salary: $68,817 per year

A transportation planner creates urban transportation systems like subways, trains, buses, and streets. Transportation planners hope that their work will help them solve problems like traffic congestion and order repairs like road construction.

It is the responsibility of transportation planners to develop transportation plans that take into account safety, efficiency, and environmental concerns as well as the requirements of all transport users, including cyclists and pedestrians. They can work in either the public or private sectors.

Planners of transportation face a difficult challenge. Their job is logistics, but they often plan for at least ten years into the future to make sure that future needs are met. Their job is to plan the future transportation system. That could involve the design of light rail routes or the next generation of roads, depending on where they work (public or private). They could be a part of a feasibility study, working on government policy, or planning the finer points before building work starts.

We shouldn’t be surprised that the majority (66 percent, or 2/3) work for local government because this position frequently focuses more on transportation infrastructure than anything else. They are responsible for ensuring that US citizens living in their area have adequate infrastructure to support their daily activities. Similarly, 10% hold similar positions in state government.

4. Engineer

National average salary: $70,095 per year

When machines or systems are invented or designed, an engineer looks for and develops solutions to technical problems. Engineers can also specialize in particular engineering fields like chemistry, architecture, or electronics.

As practitioners of engineering, engineers are professionals who invent, design, analyze, build, and test machines, complex systems, structures, gadgets, and materials to meet functional requirements and objectives while taking into account practicality, regulation, safety, and cost constraints.

Engineers use math, science, and technology to solve problems. We can observe engineering all over the world; improving our work, travel, communication, health, entertainment, and other activities. Engineers not only create machinery, construct skyscrapers, and oversee public works, but they also address the needs and issues of society on numerous other levels.

Engineers transform scientific knowledge into technology and then turn that technology into a practical solution or innovation. After successfully completing a challenging project, all engineers experience feelings of pride and well-being. It is a rewarding career for life: designing, making, and selling useful goods and services for other people.

5. Environmental scientist

National average salary: $71,327 per year

The study of the natural world and its environments is the work of an environmental scientist. Conservation and shielding the environment from commercial activity are among their work objectives.

Policies and plans for managing and protecting the environment, flora and fauna, and other natural resources are the subject of research, development, implementation, and advice by environmental scientists.

The areas of environmental management, research, regulation, and policy formulation typically make up the majority of environmental careers in the public sector. Environmental specialists can also take advantage of numerous opportunities in the private sector. Sustainable social, economic, and environmental practices must be incorporated into all levels of private business, particularly mining, petrol, and oil industries.

Specialists in environmental science use their understanding of the natural sciences to safeguard human health and the environment. The majority of entry-level positions for environmental scientists and specialists require at least a bachelor’s degree in a natural science or science-related field.

The student can take 12 Science (Biology). Then finish your B.Sc. Environmental Science (Hons) You can also pursue an M.Sc. Science of the environment. or the student can take 12-Science (Biology is suggested). Then finish your B.Sc. Environmental Science with honors The PG Diploma in Environmental Science is another option. or the student can take 12th grade mathematics. Finish your B.Tech. in Environmental Engineering then. You could also pursue an M.Tech. in environmental engineering.

6. Geologist

National average salary: $72,001 per year

In order to prepare for occurrences such as earthquakes or volcanic eruptions, a geologist studies the earth’s natural materials. They might also come up with experiments that involve taking things like oil and water from the surface of the Earth.

Geologists conduct research on the Earth: its nature, history, materials, and methods. There are numerous subfields of geology: environmental geologists, who research how humans affect the planet; economic geologists, who look for and develop the Earth’s resources.

One of the most important and oldest branches of the earth sciences employs geologists. The majority of people are aware that rocks in the environment are studied. They also investigate the natural processes that shape our planet, as well as rock formations and the processes that lead to their formation (most rocks are composed of compacted organic materials, but some are inorganic and formed by volcanic activity, like the Grand Canyon’s rock layers).

They might investigate how rocks are affected by natural processes like river formation and how rocks affect the natural environment. Rocks can have an effect on the pH of soils and the kinds of plants and animals that thrive there. Their objective is to comprehend the chronology of each rock formation and the planet’s history. They investigate Earth’s materials and erratic processes.

7. Wildlife biologist

National average salary: $72,626 per year

A scientist who studies plants and animals in their natural environments is known as a wildlife biologist. Wherever they are conducting research, one of their responsibilities is to determine how humans affect local wildlife.

A wildlife biologist studies the behavior of animals and the roles that each animal plays in its natural environment. A wildlife biologist can be responsible for the following: developing and carrying out experiments and studies on animals in their natural habitats, focusing on their characteristics like how they interact with other species, how they reproduce, how they move, how a population changes, and how diseases spread.

Wildlife biologists are researchers who study and observe animal behavior. They often look at the characteristics of specific animals to figure out how they work in particular ecosystems or how they interact with humans. In addition, they frequently carry out a variety of experiments with the goals of either expanding our understanding of a specific species or determining how humans affect the ecosystem in question.

If you like to travel and spend time in nature, a career as a wildlife biologist is a great fit. The majority of the time that wildlife biologists work, they are out in the field observing animals in their natural environments. Although some wildlife biologists work in offices or labs, many only spend short periods of time there. If you’re an adventurer who enjoys working in a variety of settings, this is the career for you.

8. Cost estimator

National average salary: $73,331 per year

A cost estimator looks at data to figure out how much money, time, materials, and labor are needed to complete a project. Project completion on time and within budget are two goals that cost estimators strive to achieve.

To figure out how much time, money, materials, and labor are needed to make a product or provide a service, cost estimators gather and analyze data. Most cost estimators work in offices, but some also visit manufacturing facilities and assembly lines. The majority of cost estimators are employed full-time, with some working more than 40 hours per week.

To estimate how much time, money, material, and labor it will take to provide a service, manufacture a product, or construct a building, a cost estimator gathers and analyzes data.

Estimators typically concentrate on a particular industry or product type. Things that can be estimated or looked at in detail include: software systems, government programs, automobiles, buildings, bridges, ships, aircraft, electronics, and manufacturing facilities.

Cost estimators usually need a bachelor’s degree to get a job, but people who have worked in construction for a long time can sometimes work there without a degree. An estimation of the amount it will cost and an analysis of the reasons why it will cost “x” amount are required for every new program or invention. A cost estimator can also look at what is already costing to see why it costs more or less than the initial estimate.

9. Cartographer

National average salary: $74,136 per year

Maps are created, updated, and designed by cartographers. This could entail creating new maps from satellite images and verifying the accuracy of existing maps.

Maps are made for a living by cartographers. Aside from atlases, there are other uses for maps. They can be found in newspapers and help readers understand a complicated topic. The majority of candidates for the field of cartography will earn a bachelor’s degree in cartography, geography, civil engineering, or a related field.

You can find them on your smartphone, providing you with directions to get from point A to point B. Students should become familiar with and comfortable with GIS (geographic information system) technology while they are in school, but this should not compromise their ability to receive a comprehensive education in cartography.

According to Buckingham, “The field is changing so quickly that the knowledge a student acquires should not be tied to a specific software or scripting and coding language.” Instead, the fundamentals of spatial thinking and problem-solving should be the foundation of the education. Students who think in this way are prepared to adapt to the rapidly evolving field.”

10. Industrial engineer

National average salary: $75,590 per year

Systems designed to enhance manufacturing or service providers’ productivity are the work of an industrial engineer. They also try to improve any existing processes and reduce waste during project completion.

Industrial engineers are involved in every phase of manufacturing and processing. This could mean starting from scratch when designing a product or process, or it could mean changing, upgrading, expanding, or rearranging an existing process or procedure.

This might entail creating specifications for newly purchased equipment and designing brand-new equipment to ensure that it satisfies those requirements. It’s possible that a job as an industrial engineer will involve repurposing existing facilities or equipment and developing new procedures, tools, and methods.

Industrial engineers must have a fundamental understanding of various engineering fields, work processes, tools, equipment, and materials to design systems and processes that meet cost, quality, safety, and environmental requirements.

Computer modeling and computer aided design (CAD) systems can be used by industrial engineers to simulate processes and supply chains in order to increase efficiency and decrease costs.

Industrial engineers work in a variety of settings, including offices and the settings they are responsible for improving. This could involve observing hospital workflows or observing a factory process. After that, a computer can be used to examine this data and find solutions to problems.

Industrial engineers are able to work in both technical and managerial roles due to their extensive skill set. They work in consulting and engineering, research and development, the service industry, logistics, manufacturing, and trade, among other industries.

11. Chemist

National average salary: $76,895 per year

A chemist is a scientist who conducts chemistry-related research and experiments. They contribute to the creation of medicines and vaccines.

Materials scientists and chemists investigate the ways in which substances interact with one another at the atomic and molecular levels. They test the quality of manufactured goods and develop new and improved products using their knowledge.

Working in the lab to develop and enhance both new and existing products is typical of a typical day; This might entail creating formulations in a laboratory, testing the material to see how well it performs and performs, and then reporting the results of this work.

The properties of matter at the atomic and molecular levels are studied by chemists. They measure proportions and reaction rates to either discover the behavior of unfamiliar substances or to create novel compounds for use in a wide range of practical applications. They employ a wide range of analytical instruments and techniques, including chromatography and spectroscopy, to accomplish this.

Biochemistry, neurochemistry, nuclear chemistry, theoretical chemistry, or both are common areas of concentration for chemists. Chemists in the pharmaceutical industry create medicines and investigate the properties of those medicines to ascertain their stability and quality. In some cases, chemists even work in forensic science to gather evidence for criminal cases. Product license documentation is also prepared by experienced chemists.

12. Petroleum engineer

National average salary: $76,502 per year

Processes for extracting gas and oil from beneath the earth are developed by a petroleum engineer. They also use the materials they gather to assist energy producers.

Nearly every stage of the evaluation, development, and production of oil and gas fields involves a petroleum engineer. Their objective is to resolve any operational issues and drill for hydrocarbons in the most effective manner. Utilizing new drilling tools and methods, as well as making the most of outdated or inefficient wells, can also fall under the purview of petroleum engineers. Petroleum engineers are tasked with minimizing the environmental impact of drilling throughout the extraction process.

Petroleum engineers look at the profitability of oil and gas reservoirs. In order to plan the safest and most effective method for drilling and recovering oil, they investigate the geology of the future drilling locations. They are in charge of the equipment’s setup, upkeep, and operation. They also oversee the well completion process. They keep an eye on yield during production and come up with tweaks and stimulation plans to boost it. Additionally, it is their responsibility to resolve any potential operational issues.

Most of the time, petroleum engineers focus on a specific aspect of drilling. For instance, reservoir engineers estimate the amount of oil or gas that will be recovered from a particular deposit and determine the most effective method for doing so. Drilling engineers determine the most cost-effective and environmentally friendly method for drilling a particular well. Engineers determine the most effective method for completing a well so that oil or gas flows upward from the ground. Engineers in production keep an eye on production and figure out how to get more out of a well that isn’t producing enough.

13. Web developer

National average salary: $77,166 per year

Websites can be built, designed, and programmed by a web developer, who works on the front end or the back end of production. Web page code is written by web developers, who also work on website interactivity and visual effects.

Web design and web development have a lot in common, but there are some key differences. The front-end of a website, which is concerned with appearance and user experience, is the focus of web design. On the other hand, building technical front-end and/or back-end code that controls how a website works is web development.

Web developers can focus solely on back-end code, front-end code, or a combination of the two, and many modern jobs also require web design overlap. These professionals may collaborate with marketing or IT departments or independently on a freelance basis.

Web developers typically need to learn a lot about web design and coding before starting their first professional project. Web developers learn programming languages and applications through coursework, online tutorials, portfolios, and internships that give them hands-on experience.

14. Computer systems analyst

National average salary: $77,754 per year

A computer systems analyst aids businesses in updating their technology and improving their computer systems. Projects that a computer systems analyst might work on include enhancing computer security and communication.

An organization’s current computer systems and procedures are studied and improved upon by computer systems analysts, who are also known as systems architects. These analysts assist the organization in operating more effectively in this way.

For their clients, computer systems analysts design better computer systems and processes by combining their business and information technology expertise. What’s more, albeit these experts have numerous obligations, their most memorable errand is to comprehend their client’s business, whether it’s an association in Silicon Valley or a firm on Money Road.

Additionally, they will be particularly interested in learning how the organization uses technology. Examiners will then investigate the best advances to help the association’s general PC framework – the equipment, the product and the organizations – run all the more proficiently and actually.

15. Biologist

National average salary: $80,658 per year

Scientists who study living things’ bodies are called biologists. Biologists learn about the anatomy of humans, animals, plants, and bacteria by collecting and analyzing data from scientific and medical fields.

Biologists study humans, animals, plants, and bacteria to learn more about how the body and nature work and how each organism may be affected by external factors. Because there are millions of living things to study and ways to study them, the study of these things can be very complicated and extremely diverse.

Biology is the scientific study of life and living things. It can focus on a wide range of topics, including how an organism came to be, how it is built, how it grows, how it works, what it does, and where it lives. Scientists who study organisms and how they interact with their environment are known as biologists.

16. Marine engineer

National average salary: $81,694 per year

A marine engineer contributes to the design and construction of marine vessels like ships, boats, and other structures. They can participate in the design, construction, and testing phases of the process.

Ships, boats, underwater vehicles, offshore platforms, and drilling equipment are all designed, built, tested, and fixed by a marine engineer. When designing anything from small yachts and fishing boats to submarines and aircraft carriers, marine engineers frequently collaborate closely with naval architects.

A marine engineer works on new marine vessels and the parts that make them up, developing, and building them. This entails creating blueprints, developing engines and propulsion systems, evaluating prototypes, and supervising the construction of full-size ships.

Marine engineers can work on passenger boats, sailboats, cruise ships, submarines, or military battleships and aircraft carriers, among other types of vessels. They assist in testing and modifying finished boats and frequently supervise the construction of prototypes.

17. Environmental engineer

National average salary: $83,425 per year

To improve processes like waste disposal and water quality, an environmental engineer creates solutions based on research conducted by environmental scientists. They likewise think about the effect of designing undertakings on the climate and plan appropriately.

As an environmental engineer, you’ll be in charge of a lot of reporting on construction work’s effects on the environment. You could be looking at sites and reading, coming up with solutions to problems, or getting legal paperwork. The following are some of the responsibilities of an environmental engineer’s job:

Assessing a site’s compliance with environmental regulations, using mathematical techniques and computer modeling to assess or forecast past, present, and future environmental problems, designing, developing, testing, and implementing technical solutions that will help organizations actively reduce their negative impact on the environment, interpreting data, staying up to date on legislative changes in environmental law, identifying and taking into consideration potential contaminant sources, and carrying out site assessments.

A career as an environmental engineer can be pursued in a variety of ways. You can take a course at a university or college to get the qualifications you need, or you can apply for an apprenticeship. You might be able to apply directly to an employer and train on the job if you have the necessary skills or experience. It is also possible to move into environmental engineering from related careers like sustainability or environmental consulting.

If you want to become an environmental engineer, you should look into these options to see which one is best for you. To work on a construction site, you might need a card from the Construction Skills Certification Scheme (CSCS). Plan for graduate training at the university You can earn a degree as an environmental engineer by completing an undergraduate degree in a relevant field like: Mechanical engineering, chemical engineering, and process engineering are all branches of civil engineering.

18. IT manager

National average salary: $87,402 per year

Technology systems are overseen, technological risks are evaluated, and system updates are installed by an IT manager. IT managers can work independently or as part of a team in an office setting.

You will be in charge of a company’s technology resources as an IT Manager. The networks, phone systems, and other software are typically included in this. In order to achieve business objectives, you will keep an eye on the organization’s operational requirements, investigate strategies and technology solutions, and construct the most cost-effective and effective systems. In addition, an IT manager typically oversees and collaborates with other IT professionals, frequently forming teams to address specific issues.

A bachelor’s degree in computer science, information technology, IT project management, or a related field is required to become an IT manager. Work under experienced IT Managers and complete an internship while you study to develop practical skills for the position.

You might want to think about earning a postgraduate degree in information technology or management, such as a Master of Business Administration or Master of Information Technology. Obtain extensive IT industry experience. Start your career in a position that focuses on IT systems. It will be beneficial to hold positions that require managing people and processes as well as coordinating projects.

19. Civil engineer

National average salary: $87,461 per year

A civil engineer works on road and bridge construction projects. Large structures are designed, constructed, and repaired as part of their work.

Civil engineering is the application of planning, designing, constructing, maintaining, and operating infrastructure while protecting public and environmental health and enhancing neglected infrastructure. A civil engineer is a person who practices civil engineering.

Construction engineering, geotechnical engineering, structural engineering, land development, transportation engineering, hydraulic engineering, and environmental engineering are all common areas of practice for civil engineers. A civil engineer is responsible for selecting the appropriate design for these structures and overseeing the construction process to ensure their long-term viability.

The public should also find these structures to be comfortable enough for them. When working on critical infrastructure development or maintenance, some civil engineers, particularly those employed by government agencies, may practice across multiple specializations.

Most of the time, civil engineers work in a variety of environments and locations. Training should equip future civil engineers with skills in organizational relationships between project parties, cost, and time because a significant portion of a civil engineer’s work involves interacting with people from other technical fields or non-engineers.

20. Nuclear engineer

National average salary: $93,777 per year

A nuclear engineer creates systems and tools that make use of nuclear energy and radiation. They also monitor safety procedures at nuclear power plants.

Nuclear engineers are responsible for the design, construction, operation, and closure of nuclear power plants. In order to develop technical solutions, nuclear engineers must collaborate with colleagues from a variety of fields.

They could be looking for ways to improve the efficiency, stability, and sustainability of nuclear power plants or designing completely new systems, depending on their role. As the storage and disposal of the radioactive material used in nuclear plants necessitates planning and adhering to appropriate safety procedures, shutting down facilities is also an important task.

To pursue a career as a nuclear engineer, one must study nuclear engineering, a branch of engineering that focuses on the application of nuclear physics-based principles to the process of breaking down or combining atomic nuclei.

Nuclear engineers study and develop the procedures, instruments, and systems that are utilized to reap the benefits of nuclear energy and radiation. Radioactive materials have numerous industrial and medical applications, including diagnostic and treatment-related medical equipment.

21. Information security analyst

National average salary: $94,820 per year

The computer networks and systems of a business or organization are safeguarded by an information security analyst. They might protect an organization from hackers, cyberattacks, and data breaches.

Analysts in information security typically perform the following tasks: Check the networks of their company for security breaches and take action if any are discovered. Protect sensitive data by utilizing and maintaining software like firewalls and data encryption programs. Verify the systems of your computer and network for vulnerabilities.

Analysts in information security are in charge of preventing data breaches and cyberattacks on an organization’s computer systems. These professionals are essential because bank account numbers and other sensitive data are stored electronically today.

Data security experts might introduce and keep up with firewalls or information encryption programming, foster security principles and best practices to safeguard delicate data, distinguish dangers and weaknesses in an association’s organization frameworks, and examine in the event that an information break happens.

22. Mechanical engineer

National average salary: $95,658 per year

A mechanical engineer can design, build, and test machines or mechanical devices for a variety of industries. Refrigerators, elevators, and combustion engines are just a few examples of the machines they can fix.

Electric generators, internal combustion engines, steam and gas turbines, and power-using machines like refrigeration and air conditioning systems are all examples of power-producing machines designed by mechanical engineers. Other machines inside buildings, like elevators and escalators, are designed by mechanical engineers.

Engineers in the mechanical engineering field create, construct, and evaluate mechanical and thermal sensors and devices. Most of the time, mechanical engineers work in offices. When a problem arises or a piece of equipment requires their personal attention, they may occasionally visit the workplace.

The majority of mechanical engineers work in manufacturing, research and development, and engineering services. A bachelor’s degree in mechanical engineering or mechanical engineering technology is typically required for mechanical engineers. Mechanical engineers who offer their services to the general public must be licensed in all 50 states and the District of Columbia.

23. Cybersecurity analyst

National average salary: $96,199 per year

For a company or organization, a cybersecurity analyst designs and implements security procedures. Protecting organizations from hackers, data breaches, and technological failures are two of the responsibilities of this position.

Analysts in cybersecurity are frequently the initial line of defense against cybercrime. Computer networks are shielded from unauthorized access and cyberattacks by cybersecurity analysts. They accomplish this by attempting to anticipate and defend against cyber threats, as well as by reacting to security breaches when they occur.

The hardware, software, and networks of a business are shielded from cybercriminals by a cybersecurity analyst. The primary responsibility of the analyst is to thoroughly comprehend the IT infrastructure of the company, keep an eye on it at all times, and evaluate threats that have the potential to breach the network. The cybersecurity analyst is always looking for new ways to protect sensitive information and improve the security of the company’s network.

Additionally, the cybersecurity analyst is accountable for: Tools Configuration: Software for managing vulnerabilities, password security, and viruses are all examples of this. They will assess the company’s requirements and protect its data with these tools. Reporting: The analyst will describe the network’s current state and evaluate its strengths. Learning to read these reports is one of the skills that are required. They’ll show what’s well protected and let you know if the network has any unusual activity.

24. Database administrator

National average salary: $97,373 per year

A database administrator oversees the productivity of a company’s databases and builds them. They might also update or install brand-new database software.

The subsystem’s specific databases are the primary responsibility of database administrators (DBAs). DBAs in some businesses are granted the specialized group authorization known as SYSADM, which entitles them to control over all of the databases that are part of the DB2® subsystem and allows them to do almost everything in the system.

It takes between six and nine years to become a database administrator—four years to earn a bachelor’s degree and two to five years to acquire sufficient professional experience. A relevant degree, successful performance in one or more relevant positions, and the appropriate certifications are typically required of prospective database administrators.

25. Statistician

National average salary: $98,820 per year

A statistician uses the results of data collection and analysis to assist businesses and organizations in minimizing risk while simultaneously maximizing profits. They are able to help businesses and investors make decisions and recognize market and job market trends.

A person who works with theoretical or applied statistics is called a statistician. The occupation is available in both the public and private sectors. To collect data, create surveys, experiments, or opinion polls. To analyze data, create mathematical or statistical models. Communicate analyses to technical and nontechnical audiences and interpret data. To aid in business decision-making, use statistical software to analyze data and create visualizations.

In order to come up with well-informed solutions, a statistician applies statistical methods and models to specific problems. You will analyze and interpret data as a statistician to assist businesses with crucial decisions, issues, and logistical scenarios. Probability, calculus, mathematical modeling, and statistical analysis are therefore frequently utilized by statisticians in their work.

Statisticians are experts who solve problems for businesses, government agencies, and other institutions by compiling and analyzing statistical data. Statisticians use mathematical theories to turn the data into a solution in their day-to-day work, determining the data a company will need to solve a problem. They also frequently design surveys, questionnaires, experiments, and polls to collect data on behalf of businesses.

26. Aeronautical engineer

National average salary: $102,364 per year

An aeronautical engineer is responsible for the design and testing of aircraft, helicopters, and missiles. They can also fix machinery and focus on aircraft that stay in Earth’s atmosphere.

Aeronautical engineers use airplanes. The engineers’ primary responsibility is to design aircraft and propulsion systems, but as time goes on, they are given many more tasks to complete. Aeronautical engineers investigate aircraft mechanisms. They aim for a career in space shuttles, jetliners, and aircraft.

Aeronautical engineers can work for a variety of companies, including: aircraft and component manufacturers, airline operators, defense organizations (including the military), engineering consultancies, government departments, agencies, and organizations, as well as research and development organizations, space agencies, and universities and colleges are all examples of these groups.

You need at least a four-year bachelor’s degree to become an aeronautical engineer. Even if you have a bachelor’s or master’s degree, you still have plenty of room to continue learning and training in your career and earning certifications to back up your experience. Some schools offer a five-year program that includes both a bachelor’s and master’s degree. Other schools also offer PhD programs.

27. Psychologist

National average salary: $104,833 per year

A psychiatrist who focuses on mental health is known as a psychologist. They meet with patients at appointments and help them make a treatment plan, often including psychotherapy.

A psychologist is someone who has a degree in psychology and can use counseling therapies to diagnose and treat mental illness. Since they never went to medical school and are unable to give prescriptions, they cannot be referred to as doctors. A psychologist will listen to your problems and talk to you. In order to determine the root cause of your mental anguish, he or she will engage in a conversation with you.

A psychologist is a person who studies mental states, perceptual, cognitive, emotional, and social processes and behavior. They also practice psychology. Experimentation, observation, and interpretation of how people relate to one another and their environments are frequently part of their work.

28. Physician assistant

National average salary: $105,893 per year

A physician’s assistant collaborates closely with a doctor to diagnose and treat patients. They are responsible for carrying out physical examinations, obtaining medical histories from patients, and assisting surgical staff during procedures.

A licensed medical professional with an advanced degree and the ability to provide direct patient care is known as a physician assistant (PA). They diagnose, treat, and perform minor procedures for patients of all ages in virtually every specialty and primary care setting.

PAs are committed to working as part of a team with other healthcare providers and physicians. Currently, the majority of state laws mandate that PAs enter into a contract with a specific physician before they can practice. When the profession of a PA was relatively new and untested, these agreements were incorporated into early PA practice acts fifty years ago.

Despite the PA profession’s long history, high level of trust, and significance to the healthcare workforce in the United States, PAs are still required to adhere to these out-of-date standards today. Optimal Team Practice is a brand-new policy that was approved in 2017 by the American Academy of PAs. When PAs, physicians, and other healthcare professionals collaborate to provide high-quality care without burdensome administrative constraints, this is called optimal team practice.

29. Software developer

National average salary: $107,919 per year

Programming software is created by software developers. Software developers frequently contribute to the development of interactive websites and mobile applications.

The following is typical of software developers: Utilize user needs as the basis for software design and development. Upgrade the software on systems and programs that customers already use. Plan how each component of an application or system will interact with one another before designing it.

Programming skills are used by software developers to develop new software and update existing software. A career as a software developer might be a good fit for you if you are a creative thinker who likes to solve problems.

Software developers are the ones who come up with all kinds of computer programs. They create the software that powers everything from video games to operating systems and apps.

From determining what users require and how they will use the software to releasing a finished application, this position may involve you in every stage of the software development process. Although many developers do all of the coding themselves, you may occasionally collaborate with computer programmers.

30. Actuary

National average salary: $116,324 per year

Businesses’ financial risks are managed by an actuary. In order to reduce risks and increase productivity, they assess and analyze data using math and statistics skills.

The financial costs of risk and uncertainty are looked at by actuaries. They assess the risk of potential events using mathematical, statistical, and financial theory, and they assist clients and businesses in developing risk-reduction policies. The insurance industry relies heavily on the work of actuaries.

An actuary is a business professional who works with the measurement and management of risk and uncertainty and has advanced statistical skills. The related field is known as actuarial science. Problem solvers and strategic thinkers, actuaries use their mathematical abilities to estimate the likelihood and risk of upcoming events. They use these skills to predict how these events will affect a company and its customers financially.

Mathematical, analytical, interpersonal, and managerial abilities are all combined in a unique way by actuaries. They use their skills to have a big effect on society, guide high-level strategic decisions, and have a big effect on laws, businesses, and people’s lives.

The ability to be creative, curious, and adaptable that actuaries possess is what makes them successful in the digital age. The one-of-a-kind combination of technical expertise and business acumen that actuaries possess guarantees that they will continue to have an impact and protect against the effects of uncertainty in the future.

31. Nurse practitioner

National average salary: $116,610 per year

A nurse practitioner conducts physical examinations, authorizing treatments, and providing medical care. Although nurse practitioners occasionally collaborate with physicians, they are licensed to practice independently and without supervision.

During a typical workday, a nurse practitioner examines patients, prescribes medication, and develops care plans. Patients’ medical tests are followed up on by nurse practitioners, who then analyze the results. Support for emergency medical care is provided by nurse practitioners in urgent care settings.

Nurse practitioners’ primary duties include medical care, patient monitoring, and acting as a primary care provider. To become a nurse practitioner, it takes about 6-7 years: It takes four years to earn a BSN, and two to three years to become a nurse practitioner. Compared to RNs, nurse practitioners actually earn more money, have more career options and flexibility, and are more satisfied with their jobs.

32. Pediatrician

National average salary: $177,367 per year

A pediatrician is a doctor who focuses on treating young children, adolescents, and infants. Pediatricians who work with infants and young toddlers can also help parents learn how to pay attention to healthcare milestones at home and monitor their patients’ growth and development.

The health of your child is managed by a pediatrician or child specialist. A pediatrician is trained to manage a child’s mental, physical, and behavioral health. A child specialist is trained to treat illnesses, from minor conditions to serious ones, that affect children. A pediatrician can treat a child right from birth.

Children’s physical, behavioral, and developmental issues are identified, prevented, and managed by pediatricians. General practice is where some pediatricians practice. Others focus on treating children with particular health issues.

A pediatrician has been trained to do things like: administration of vaccines, treatment of elbow or shoulder dislocations, minor injuries, removal of foreign bodies, splitting brown bones, and circumcision. Pediatricians also conduct routine examinations to ensure a child’s well-being in addition to these specific procedures. Additionally, they deal with conditions that affect infants.

33. Physician

National average salary: $234,543 per year

A licensed medical doctor is a physician. Physical examinations, disease diagnosis, and treatment are all part of the medical care that doctors provide to patients. Medication can also be prescribed by a doctor.

Surgeons and physicians provide diagnosis, treatment, and health maintenance. Patients are examined by doctors; collect medical records; dispense medication; and perform, order, and analyze diagnostic tests. They frequently advise patients on diet, hygiene, and health maintenance.

A doctor with a medical degree is referred to as a “physician” in general. By studying, diagnosing, and treating injuries and diseases, physicians strive to maintain, promote, and restore health.

Injuries and illnesses are diagnosed and treated by doctors. The following are additional duties:

  • Providing advice regarding diet, hygiene, and preventative care;
  • Examining patients;
  • Prescribing medications;
  • Ordering, administering, and interpreting diagnostic tests;
  • Taking and maintaining medical histories.

34. Dentist

National average salary: $237,006 per year

A dentist is a doctor who focuses on treating problems with teeth. They clean teeth, fill cavities, perform root canals, and conduct dental examinations on patients.

A dentist is a doctor who looks for problems with your teeth and treats them. You can lower your risk of other serious health conditions like heart disease and stroke by taking good care of your teeth and gums. For routine cleanings and exams, you should go to the dentist on a regular basis.

A dentist, also known as a general dentist or a family dentist, is a doctor who diagnoses and treats problems with the mouth. By cleaning and inspecting your teeth and gums on a regular basis, a dentist helps you maintain a healthy smile. Dental fillings, crowns, and bridges are just a few of the oral health procedures they can carry out.

A wide range of conditions that affect your teeth, gums, jaw, and other parts of your mouth can be treated by dentists. They provide treatment for:

  • Dental preventative care
  • Dental restoration
  • Dentistry in an emergency

35. Orthodontist

National average salary: $241,587 per year

An orthodontist is a specialized dentist who helps people straighten their jaws and teeth. Orthodontists can prescribe braces or other orthodontic treatment and occasionally run their own practices.

The diagnosis, prevention, management, and treatment of misaligned bite patterns and improperly positioned teeth and jaws is the focus of the orthodontics subspecialty in dentistry. Dentofacial orthopedics, or the modification of facial growth, may also be addressed. Teeth and jaws that are out of alignment are very common.

Orthodontists are specialists in correcting jaw and tooth misalignments. Misalignment is associated with a number of debilitating issues, including speech defects, difficulties chewing, and difficulties maintaining adequate oral hygiene.

Dental specialists with training in the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of dental and facial irregularities are known as orthodontists. They offer a wide range of treatments to straighten teeth that are crooked, correct bad bites, and properly align the jaws.

The improvement of a patient’s bite is the aim of orthodontic treatment. The jaw’s opposing teeth will align with straight, evenly spaced teeth. You will be able to eat, chew, and speak properly if your bite is healthy. In the past, going to an orthodontist was only recommended for young adults or children who needed braces. However, dental issues can be fixed at any age by orthodontists.

36. Optometrist

National average salary: $260,140 per year

An optometrist is a doctor who focuses on figuring out and treating problems with the eyes. They can diagnose ongoing treatment, such as wearing glasses or contact lenses, and conduct eye exams.

Your eyes can be examined, diagnosed, and treated by an optometrist. An ophthalmologist is a doctor who can treat eye conditions through medicine and surgery. A professional who can assist with the fitting of eyeglasses, contact lenses, and other vision-correcting devices is known as an optician.

Optometrists treat and diagnose eye conditions and vision issues. They check your eyes to see if you have any vision issues. Many of the most common treatments for correcting your vision can be prescribed by optometrists, including: Eyeglasses.

Your job as an optometrist is to look for vision problems, signs of injury, ocular diseases (diseases of the eye) or abnormalities, and health issues in general. You will, as part of your job in a high street practice: conduct an in-depth examination of the eyes’ health.

For eye conditions, optometrists can give controlled medications. Some optometrists can also perform minor surgeries, depending on state law. Laser eye surgery, the removal of foreign bodies, and some additional surgical interventions are examples of these surgical procedures.

37. Gastroenterologist

National average salary: $273,892 per year

A gastroenterologist is a doctor who specializes in liver and gastrointestinal disease diagnosis and treatment. A patient’s stomach, liver, colon, or intestines might be treated by them.

The gastrointestinal tract, which includes the esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine, rectum, and anus, as well as the pancreas, liver, bile ducts, and gallbladder, is the focus of the expertise of a gastroenterologist.

Patients may be seen by gastroenterologists in an outpatient clinic or a hospital. Although they aren’t surgeons, they perform procedures like an endoscopy or colonoscopy at both of these locations. GI disorders are the primary focus of gastroenterologists’ work. If your primary care physician has detected a problem with your gastrointestinal tract, they will probably recommend that you see a gastroenterologist for a more in-depth examination.

Endoscopic procedures, in which specialized instruments are used to view the gastrointestinal tract and make a diagnosis, are performed by gastroenterologists. Although they may collaborate closely with a GI surgeon in some instances, they do not perform surgeries. They mostly work in hospitals or clinics.

38. Dermatologist

National Average salary: $277,443 per year

A dermatologist is a doctor who looks at and treats problems with the skin. They are able to conduct physical examinations and prescribe medications or clinical skin products for treatment.

A dermatologist is a doctor who focuses on problems with the skin, hair, and nails. A board-certified dermatologist knows your skin, hair, and nails better than anyone else, whether you have rashes, wrinkles, psoriasis, or melanoma.

A dermatologist is a doctor who focuses on issues pertaining to the skin, hair, nails, and mucous membranes. Additionally, they have been trained to assist with a variety of cosmetic issues. They assist patients in revitalizing the appearance of their skin, hair, and nails, among other body parts. More than 3,000 skin conditions are treated by them. Acne, psoriasis, and skin cancer are examples.

Dermatologists also know that skin problems can have a big effect on your health and happiness. Your dermatologist might be the first to notice that you have a skin condition that is a sign of a serious health problem that lies beneath the surface. Diabetes and heart disease, for instance, can manifest on the skin.

Your dermatologist is aware that a skin condition can affect a person’s quality of life even if it isn’t life-threatening. A skin condition can lead to poor self-image, severe depression, decreased productivity, and lost sleep. Psoriasis, eczema, and atopic dermatitis are a few of the conditions that can result in this.

39. Cardiologist

National average salary: $331,657 per year

A doctor who focuses on conditions of the cardiovascular system is known as a cardiologist. They diagnose and carry out medical procedures, such as heart attacks and heart murmurs.

A doctor who specializes in the treatment of your heart and blood vessels is known as a cardiologist. A variety of cardiovascular issues can be treated or prevented with their assistance. They may also specialize in particular conditions, such as irregular heart rhythms, heart failure, or existing heart issues.

Heart conditions are the focus of a cardiologist’s work. They are able to make medical treatments and diagnoses. They can also determine whether your heart condition requires surgical or medical treatment.

Cardiology is a subspecialty of internal medicine that deals with problems with the heart. It examines electrophysiology, heart failure, coronary artery disease, congenital heart defects, valvular heart disease, and the diagnosis and treatment of these conditions. Echocardiography, cardiac electrophysiology, interventional cardiology, and nuclear cardiology are all subspecialties of cardiology.

40. Anesthesiologist

National average salary: $376,814 per year

During surgery, an anesthesiologist gives painkillers to patients and keeps an eye on them to make sure they stay stable before and after the procedure. Anesthesia can be administered for both invasive and non-invasive procedures by an anesthesiologist who is licensed to use equipment like intravenous lines.

An MD or DO who specializes in anesthesia is known as an anesthesiologist. Perioperative care, the creation of anesthetic plans, and the administration of anesthetics are the areas of expertise of anesthesiologists. He or she has completed college, four years of medical school, a one-year internship, and a three-year residency in anesthesia. A fellowship is a type of additional training that some anesthesiologists pursue.

Control and monitor the vital life functions of the patient, such as breathing, blood pressure, temperature, and fluid balance. Make the conditions ideal for a safe and successful surgery by controlling the patient’s pain and level of consciousness.

Anesthesiologists contribute to the protection of surgical patients. The anesthesiologist treats the patient to alleviate the discomfort and pain they might otherwise experience. Sedation (intravenous medications to make the patient calm and/or unaware) or regional anesthesia (injections of local anesthetic near nerves to “numb up” the part of the body being operated on (i.e. nerve blocks or spinal/epidural injections)) are examples of this type of anesthesia.

41. Quantitative analyst

National average salary: $149,894 per year

A specialist who applies mathematical and statistical methods to financial and risk management issues is known as a quantitative analyst or “quant.” S/he creates and implements intricate models that businesses use to make financial and business decisions about investments, pricing, and other topics.

A professional who uses quantitative methods to assist businesses in making business and financial decisions is known as a quantitative analyst. Quantitative analysts, or “quants,” are employed by insurance companies, asset managers, hedge funds, private equity firms, and investment banks to assist them in identifying profitable investment opportunities and managing risk.

Quantitative analysts are particularly in demand in the trading industry. The popularity of numerically based electronic trading has skyrocketed in the 21st century. Computer software infiltrates various stock exchanges, buying and selling shares when prices reach levels the algorithm has predetermined are profitable, as opposed to live traders frantically pacing the floor of the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) calling out buy and sell orders.

Quantitative analysts are the brains behind these computer algorithms, which do the mundane work. Programming algorithms that are quick enough and effective enough to identify the best trades before the competition earns the best in the business monthly millions of dollars for their employers.

Quantitative analysts aid banks in valuing their securities on the sell side. They compare risk to reward on the buy side to find profitable investment opportunities. A quantitative analyst might assist an insurance company in the creation of pricing models and risk evaluation strategies outside of the banking industry.

Instead of crunching actual data for investment or risk management decisions, some quantitative analysts develop financial data evaluation software behind the scenes. In addition to a background in mathematics and statistics, these professionals almost always have a background in advanced computer programming.

42. Network architect

National average salary: $137,022 per year

A professional who manages communication networks like intranets, WANs, and local area networks is known as a network architect. They are crucial in the creation, upkeep, and modification of virtualized hardware, software, and components of an IP network. These professionals ought to be well-versed in the technological requirements of the network.

They operate on communication networks with a smaller range as well as those with a larger scale. They should always be prepared to design and implement security countermeasures in the event of network vulnerabilities, keeping in mind the organization’s security concerns.

The installation of routers, modems, and any other hardware and software upgrades required for communication networks to function properly is heavily influenced by Network Architects. The layout of cables and other necessary components for network systems is planned and carried out by experts. The technician is in charge of network system maintenance, troubleshooting, and resolving any issues that may arise.

43. Computer systems administrator

National average salary: $78,571 per year

The computer servers of an organization are set up and maintained by computer systems administrators. They might run into stacks of servers, dozens of network cables that cross each other, and major issues with the hardware and software that manage the company’s local area and wide area networks in a single day.

The greatest contribution of a network and computer systems administrator is to maintain an organization’s work flow and communication channels. It is not for the faint of heart to do this work. Since so much of a company’s work relies on its networks, problems need to be fixed quickly and thoroughly. Computer system administrators are responsible for updating all software and hardware in order to keep them up to date in addition to locating and resolving issues with the network.

The day-to-day operation of these networks is the responsibility of network and computer systems administrators. Local area networks (LANs), wide area networks (WANs), network segments, intranets, and other data communication systems are all organized, installed, and supported by them.

44. Solar consultant

National average salary: $110,000 per year

Sales and support for solar energy systems, particularly those designed for residential use, are performed by solar consultants. They may make cold calls to leads when they make sales calls. In addition, they respond to inquiries by delivering sales pitches and presentations.

You help prospective customers understand renewable energy resources and systems as a solar consultant. You may travel to potential job sites, assist in determining power requirements, and use software to determine the actual costs and return on solar systems in this position. This job may also involve negotiating with lending institutions and local government offices. It also requires extensive market research and trends.

While some consultants concentrate on marketing and sales, others offer technical advice and may even produce intricate engineering blueprints. While many solar consultants focus on residential clients, others specialize in larger industrial or commercial buildings.

A bachelor’s degree and some experience working with solar systems are the main requirements for becoming a solar consultant. The majority of businesses prefer applicants with relevant engineering degrees, but they may also consider applicants with marketing or sales experience.

Research skills and the capacity to keep up with the most recent developments are essential for this position because the solar industry moves at a relatively rapid pace and releases new products frequently. A solar consultant’s responsibilities necessitate interpersonal skills, analytical abilities, endurance, and occasionally the capacity to work in high places and on ladders for extended periods of time.

45. Validation engineer

National average salary: $136,184 per year

A qualified engineer who manages, inspects, calibrates, tests, and modifies the instrumentation, equipment, mechanics, and procedures utilized in the production of various products is known as a validation engineer. In order to produce goods of high quality, they make certain that each system functions properly and effectively.

They also look into what caused malfunctions and anomalies in the equipment and decide if it should be fixed or replaced.

Validation engineers work in a wide range of manufacturing sectors, including aerospace, automotive, computer software, and pharmaceuticals, in addition to labs and research facilities. The work is extremely varied. The duties of a validation engineer will vary depending on their area of expertise and the industry in which they work.

  • Developing databases to track validation activities,
  • Interpreting customer requirements,
  • Developing validation schedules,
  • Conducting training, and supervising the work of validation technicians,
  • Maintaining instrumentation and equipment, and staying current on industry standards and regulations.
  • Monitoring and testing equipment.
  • Analyzing and documenting test results.
  • Preparing compliance reports. directing validation activities.
  • Resolving testing problems. making adjustments or improvements to equipment and processes.

46. Robotics engineer

National average salary: $92,848 per year

A subfield of engineering known as robotics engineering focuses on creating machines that mimic human actions. These autonomous machines, also known as robots, are developed by a robotics engineer for a variety of industries, including mining, manufacturing, automotive, services, and others.

The majority of robotics engineers’ time is spent comprehending the procedures necessary for a robot to function effectively and developing plans for robots. Engineers in robotics need to be adaptable and prepared to tackle a wide range of projects.

If you pursue a graduate degree in a relevant field, becoming a robotics engineer can take up to ten years. However, if you start your journey with a coding or data analytics boot camp, you can complete it much more quickly. The best part of robotics is putting something together with the help of a lot of different people with different skills. Teamwork is a big part of robotics.

As more industries shift toward automation and smart solutions, robotics engineers are in high demand. In addition, there is a significant demand for engineers to create personal robots, self-driving cars, autonomous systems, and drones.

47. Telecommunications engineer

National average salary: $102,783 per year

The management of data over a variety of communication channels, including voice, video, calls, and text, is the specialty of telecommunications engineers or telecom engineers. They make sure that the data that is sent over wired or wireless communication is of high quality and are in charge of designing and installing the telecommunications equipment. Radio and television, satellite, computer networks, the internet, and optical fiber are all parts of the telecom engineering spectrum.

It is the responsibility of the telecom engineers to investigate brand-new network technologies and make integration-related recommendations. The engineer is responsible for ensuring network availability and providing the necessary support and maintenance. They must plan, schedule, and actively participate in the installation of the equipment. The professionals plan and carry out activities that test and evaluate the network. For network interoperability and integration, they must provide subject matter expertise.

The various technologies that enable people to communicate over long distances are designed, tested, and constructed by telecommunications engineers. They work in radio and television, broadcasting, satellite communications, internet networks, and telephone networks.

There are numerous career opportunities in network and communication, radio, television, quality, and software systems in Telecommunication Engineering. Students can work as electronics engineers, electronics and communication engineers, electronics design and development engineers, desktop support engineers, and system control engineers after earning a degree in telecommunication engineering.

48. Automation engineer

National average salary: $97,867 per year

Automation engineers are specialists who know how to design, build, create, develop, and manage machines and systems like warehouse automation, factory automation, and process automation, among others.

There are two distinct definitions of automation engineering: from the perspective of software engineering, aiming to automate software processes. In the traditional sense of engineering, providing automated solutions to industries and physical activities.

The day is spent by an automation engineer analyzing and perfecting manufacturing processes. They create automation equipment for manufacturing efficiency. They conduct tests on the machinery after it has been put to use, examine the outcomes, and make any necessary adjustments.

The design and construction of various automated machines fall under the purview of automation engineers. To complete precise tasks, they design, program, simulate, and test automated processes and machinery. Most of the time, they are used in factories that make cars or process food where robots or machines are made to do specific things.

49. Operations research analyst

National average salary: $82,360 per year

Analysts in operations research make use of their ability to think critically, solve difficult problems, and offer solutions, as well as their quantitative reasoning skills. Operations research analysts are hired by businesses to study cost effectiveness, labor requirements, product distribution, and other aspects of day-to-day operations in order to improve business practices.

High-level problem solvers in operations research use cutting-edge methods like big data mining, optimization, statistical analysis, and mathematical modeling to come up with solutions that help businesses and organizations run more effectively and at a lower cost. Designing systems to operate in the most efficient manner or deciding how to allocate limited human resources, money, equipment, or facilities are typically the issues they address.

Data is managed and evaluated by analysts in operations research to enhance marketing, supply chains, pricing models, and business operations. Operations research has also become more accessible and affordable thanks to advancements in analytical software.

An operations research analyst investigates and identifies operational issues and ways to enhance business procedures. A variety of business decisions are made with the assistance of the operations research analyst by leadership teams.

50. Mathematician

National average salary: $108,100 per year

A mathematician is someone who uses their extensive mathematical knowledge to solve mathematical problems in their work. Anyone, from your middle school algebra teacher to a computer programmer, can be a mathematician. While some mathematicians primarily carry out research to investigate and construct theories, others are applied mathematicians who employ theories and methods to resolve everyday issues.

A major component of a mathematician’s work is theory. Formulas and models are used by mathematicians to support or refute theories. Mathematicians use data to solve real-world problems and decisions in fields like business, engineering, and science, so data is also an important part of the field. Financial analysts, systems analysts, professors, and teachers in elementary, middle, and high schools are all common occupations for mathematicians.

The BLS recommends obtaining a master’s degree in mathematics to become a mathematician, particularly for those interested in working in the private sector. However, mathematicians with bachelor’s degrees may be eligible for employment with the federal government, and those with a state certification and a bachelor’s degree frequently have the ability to instruct middle or high school mathematics classes.

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